Diamond Buying Guide
Here is a quick introduction to the 4 C's of diamonds for you. If you understand how diamonds are graded, you have a better chance of finding the right one for you. At Arden Jewelers, our gemology experts are more than happy to help explain more about diamonds to you so feel free to come on by
Diamonds are small so the scale that is used to describe diamond weights uses very small units. A carat equals 1/5 of one gram. A carat is divided into 100 points. A diamond can be described as 75 points or .75 carats or 3/4 of a carat. It is a good practice to know the exact weight of a diamond when buying or selling.
The Cut of a diamond has two main components. First, cut refers to the shape of the stone. Round, marquise, pear, oval, square, princess all describe the shape of the diamond.
The second component is the way the facets are positioned on the diamond. When a diamond is cut to quality proportions the maximum light is returned through the top of the stone giving a great light show. Cuts that are too shallow or too deep allow light to escape resulting in loss of brilliance.
Judging diamond color is actually looking for the absence of color or transparency (except fancy color). The color grading scale starts with D meaning totally colorless and moves down the alphabet subtly increasing in body color.
Most diamonds contain inclusions. Inclusions are natural birthmarks and useful as identifying characteristics. Clarity grading is done with 10 power magnification. The number, size, type, and location of inclusions determine the grade. The fewer inclusions the more valuable the diamond.
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||No blemishes or inclusions
only insignificant blemishes
||Very, very slightly included
difficult to see
||Very slightly included
||Minor inclusions difficult to somewhat easy to see
||Noticeable inclusions that are easy to see
||Eye visible inclusions
I3 may threaten durability